All you need to know about Italian Tense Conditional Tense, Future tense, Gustare, Imperfect tense, Other Perfect Tense, Past Perfect Tense, Present Perfect, Progressive tense

Gustare In Italian Grammar

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Gustare in English means to relish, to taste or to enjoy.

In English, we use the word ‘like’ to express liking towards a particular object. For Example: I like this pen.

Another word in Italian that means ‘to like’ is ‘piacere’ or ‘gradire’.

Conditional Tense

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Ideas based on situations or circumstances can be expressed or taught using Conditional Tense. More often than not Conditional Tense can be used to express some situations which directly deal with past tense and some even with future tense. However, these situations may only use the help of probability.

Future Tense

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In Italian the future tense shows an action that is likely to take place in the future. Unlike the English language where “will” or “to be going to” etc would be used a simpler method is used wherein the certain endings mark the future tense.

Imperfect Tense

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In Italian, imperfect tense is simple past tense for describing actions that were repeated in the past or actions that last for indefinite time.

In English, we call the same as the continouos past. Examples of the tense in English are as follows:

1. He was listening to songs.

2. We were watching shows on the television.

3. Every Sunday, they worked.

Other Perfect Tenses

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Pluperfect Indicative

Singular: ho amato
hai amato
ha amato

sono andato, -a
sei andato, -a
Ë andato, -a

Plural: abbiamo amato
avete amato
hanno amato

siamo andati, -e
siete andati, -e
sono andati, -e †

Progressive Tense

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Italian forms continuous aspects quite in the same way as its done in English, that is by using a present tense conjugation of the verb stare (meaning "to be") followed by a present participle of the main verb that is in question.

Past Perfect Tense

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The past perfect or the pluperfect tense is the tense that is from the “had” + the past participle. This is capable of showing that an event has taken place by using another event in connection to it within a like span of time. It uses the imperfect tense of avere or essere with a past participle.

Present Perfect Tense

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Most of the verbs, such as parlare(to speak), sapere(to know), finire(to finish), are conjugated along with ‘avere’, while some other verbs, such as partie(to live), are conjugated along with ‘essere’. Hence we must learn the type of verbs.